Madame Tussauds span>
Madame Tussauds (nee Anna Maria Grosholts) — sculptor and founder of The Wax Museum in London, was born December 7 (according to some sources — 1 December) 1761 in Strasbourg, a German family, but preferred to live in Berne, Paris and in England and considered herself a Swiss lady.
Her father died before the birth of a girl, and she had spent his childhood in the house of his maternal uncle M. Curtius, who adopt her. A doctor by profession, Curtius was known as the creator of miniature portraits of wax and enamel. Together with her sister and niece, he moved to Paris, where he opened a workshop and a freak show.
Anna Maria soon discovered brilliant ability to create lifelike wax sculpture portraits. At age 18, she began to teach the art of Princess Elizabeth, sister of Louis XVI. After his uncle's death she inherited his business and soon in 1795, she married Francois Tussaud.
After the Peace of Amiens in 1802, she went to England to show their work there, and did not return to France. For 30 years Tussauds went around the British Isles, showing his collection, which is constantly expanded and improved. At age 74 she moved to London, where he founded the museum that bears her name.
Madame Tussauds manufactured the full-length images of people, distinguished by remarkable resemblance to the originals. She used mimics the color tinting, false hair, false glass eyes, suits. Among his most famous works — the figures , , a self-portrait at the age of 81 and others.
Madame Tussaud died on April 16 in 1850. Its museum is alive to this day, although in 1925 a fire destroyed many of the figures. Fortunately, the forms were not injured, and the figures were reconstructed.