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Anatole France — alias the French writer Anatole Francois Thibault. In 1920 he achieved worldwide fame, his reputation in the literature and culture of France is undeniable.
Anatole France was born on April 16 in 1844 in Paris in a family bookseller. In 1866, he graduated from France Jesuit college in Paris, and became a bibliographer at the publishing house A. Lemerra.
Around the same time, he became friends with the literary group "Parnassus." Began his literary career: in 1868 published the first book, "A de Vigny, "then in 1873 — a collection of" Golden Poems, "and three years later — a dramatic poem" Corinthian wedding».
In 1875, France goes to the newspaper," Tempe ", where he worked first reporter, and then head of the department of literary criticism.
In the late 1890s due to the increase of the reaction, one manifestation of which was "Dreyfus Affair," France publishes a sharp satirical tetralogy "The modern history." France gradually became a prominent figure in anti-nationalist camp. He takes part in the device of Public Universities, has lectured workers, making speeches at public meetings.
In 1921, the writer was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his brilliant literary achievements marked by sophistication of style, deep humanism through suffering and a true Gallic temperament. " And in 1922 his works were included in the Catholic "Index of Prohibited Books».
Died Anatole France October 12 in 1924 in Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire .