Nikolai Stepanovich Gumilev span>
Nikolai Stepanovich Gumilev was born (3) on April 15 in 1886 in Kronstadt. Father Coley — ship's doctor, was involved in several circumnavigation and son talked a lot about the sea and travel.
The literature Gumilev debut as a symbolist. His first collection of poems, "The Way Conquistadors" he published in 1905, later assuming his "apprenticeship experience." This work was honored with a separate 'reviews — one of the most respected poets of the time. For a long time Gumilev considered Bryusova his teacher, and the maitre patronized the young poet, referring to him in a fatherly way.
Gumilev traveled much — visited Italy, France, made several expeditions to the eastern and north-eastern Africa, where he brought to the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (St Petersburg) a rich collection of photographs and objects. But the experience of wandering arduous reflected in the poems, collections, poems ...
One of the most important events in the biography of ENU was the proclamation of a new literary movement — acmeism, who became a poet expression of his inner artistic and personal nature and which attracted the largest talent era, such as , , etc. The first truly Acmeist book ENU was "Alien Sky».
During the First World War Gumilev went to the front as a volunteer, took part in the fighting, was twice decorated for bravery crosses of St. George and received the rank of officer. During the war, he continued literary work: it was published a collection of "Quiver", written a series of essays, "Notes of the trooper," a few plays.
Likes the monarchy, Gumilev did not accept the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, but refused to emigrate. He was one of the most prominent figures in the literary life of Petrograd that time — a lot of typing, led the Union in St. Petersburg poets, lectures, together with , and other major writers worked in publishing "World Literature".
In August 1921, Gumilev was arrested on charges of participating in a counter-revolutionary conspiracy. And by order of the Petrograd gubChK 24 August in 1921 one of the best poets of the "Silver Age" Nikolai Stepanovich Gumilev was shot. The exact date and place of execution ENU unknown.