Joseph Haydn

Joseph Haydn
Joseph Haydn was born -31 March in 1732 in the village of Rohr, near the border with Hungary. Haydn's parents into music and singing and soon found in the son of musical abilities.

In 1737 he was sent to relatives in town Hainburg an der Donau, where Joseph began to study singing and choral music. In 1740, Joseph said the director of the Vienna Chapel of the Cathedral of St.. Stephen. He took a talented boy in the chapel, and that for nine years he sang in the choir.

In 1749, Joseph left the choir and became a freelance musician. The subsequent ten-year period was very difficult for him. Joseph took on odd jobs, including being a servant of the Italian composer Niccolo Porpora. He diligently studied the works of famous artists and the theory of composition. Written by him at this time of sonatas for harpsichord were published and attracted attention. The first major of his writings were 1st symphony and opera "lame demon".

In 1759, the composer gets the post of Kapellmeister at the court of Count Karl von Morzine. In 1761, Haydn's take a second Kapellmeister at the court of Prince Esterhazy, one of the most influential and powerful aristocratic families of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and after 5 years he became chief conductor. He is responsible for the composition of music, orchestra management, chamber music and staging operas.

Esterh?zy princes were real music lovers and admirers of Haydn. In the nearly thirty-year career at the court of Esterhazy composer composes a large number of works, his fame is growing. In 1781, in Vienna, Haydn met and became friends with .

In 1790 dies Mikl?s Esterh?zy, and Prince Anton, his successor, dissolve the band. In 1791 Haydn goes under contract in England. Two symphonies, born there, even more strengthened glory Haydn. Haydn then settled in Vienna, where he wrote his two famous oratorio "The Creation" and "The Four Seasons".

In 1792, in Bonn, he meets a young and takes him as his disciple.

In the field of instrumental music of Haydn is considered one of the greatest composers of his time. The end of life Haydn enjoyed tremendous popularity.

Haydn died in Vienna May 31 in 1809. The composer's creative legacy includes 104 symphonies, 83 quartets, 52 piano sonatas, two oratorios, 14 masses, 24 operas.