Francisco Goya, Self span>
Francisco Jose de Goya Lucientes-born 30 March in 1746 in the family of Master Gilders, a small village in northern Spain. At age 13, Francisco enrolled as an apprentice to a local artist, and in 1763 he moved to Madrid, where he became a pupil of the court painter Francisco Bayeux.
In 1771, he took part in the Italian competition, held Parma Academy of Fine Arts, and received the second prize for historical painting, the protagonist of which was the legendary Hannibal.
The Family of Charles IV
In 1772 he was commissioned to fresco the ceiling for the church in Zaragoza. Over the next ten years, Goya often painted the church. In 1773, he married the sister of Josefa Bayeu. This contributed to his statement in the art world at the time — Bayeu enjoyed considerable influence.
In 1774, Goya moved to Madrid, where he started the first series of boards for the Royal Tapestry Factory. Work on the cartoons was the basis for the Goya to 1780, but in the next decade, he occasionally returned to it.
Crucifix In 1780, Goya was a Royal Academy of San Fernando. Omission there served executed in an academic style painting "Crucifixion". In 1785, Goya was the vice-director of the painting department of the Academy, and in 1786 he was invited to the court of Charles III.
After the king's death in 1788 there was a sharp turn in the life of Goya. The new king, Charles IV, granted him the honorary title of court painter. Goya has become the most popular and fashionable among the aristocracy of the Madrid portrait painter. Along with this, he continued to work for the church.
winter of 1792-93 the artist caught paralysis and partial loss of vision. The next few months he spent on the edge between life and death.
Crone little recovered, returned to Goya work and wrote a series of small paintings. These paintings are designated watershed in the creative biography of Goya — in his work began to dominate the bizarre imagery generated fantasy.
In 1795, after the death of Bayeux, Goya became director of the painting department of the Royal Academy of San Fernando. This period was marked by serious study etching. The first series of 80 etchings "Los Caprichos", was published in 1799 and surprised everyone with an acute social satire and grotesque mix of reality and the novelty of the artistic language.
The last years of his life he spent in France to Bordeaux, where he died on April 16 in 1828 at the age of 82 years. His ashes were brought home and buried in the church, the walls and ceiling of which he had once painted.