Joseph Ignace Guillotin (Giyoten) was born May 28 in 1738. He studied medicine in Reims and in Paris in 1768 after graduating from the University of Paris. Since May 2 in 1789 on October 1791, he was one of the ten members of the Constituent Assembly.
Guillotin was opposed to the death penalty (so that's the irony of fate). At the time, used brutal methods of punishment: burning at the stake, hanging, quartering. Only aristocrats and wealthy people were executed, the more "humane" way — cutting off the head with a sword or an ax.
only as a temporary measure while keeping the death penalty, October 10 in 1789 at a meeting of the Constituent Assembly Guillotin suggested the use of violent methods of execution instead of a more "humane" — he proposed use for the beheading of a mechanism which, he believed, would not cause pain.
The National Assembly has asked the Permanent Secretary of the Academy of Surgical Dr. Antoine Louis, known for his scholarly works on surgery. It was assumed that if he is able to "cut" the man to save his life, it is quite likely to be able to come up with something and quickly consuming her.
Professor Louis appealed to the German piano master mechanics and Tobias Schmidt, which he built drawings of the guillotine. He participated in the creation of the guillotine and the Paris executioner Charles Henri Sanson. In 1791, France had legalized the use of the guillotine for execution, and in the spring of 1792 made the first penalty via guillotine.
There is a common perception that Guillotin was guillotined. It is not, he died of natural causes 26 March in 1814 in Paris, at the age of 75 years. After the death of his family members Guillotin asked the government to change the name of the guillotine, but were refused. Then the family changed its own name.