Ludwig van Beethoven span>
Ludwig van Beethoven was born December 17 in 1770 in Bonn, in a musical family. Since childhood, he began learning to play the organ, harpsichord, violin, flute. For the first time seriously engaged with the composer Ludwig became Nave. With 12 years of Ludwig received his first music oriented job — assistant organist at the court.
Beethoven studied several languages, was trying to compose music. After his mother's death in 1787, he took on the material duties of the family, playing in the orchestra.
Listening to university lectures, he met in Bonn from . Beethoven decides to take lessons from him. For this, he moved to Vienna. After some attempts Haydn Beethoven sends to school to Albrechtsberger (Haydn believed that Beethoven's music was dark and strange).
virtuoso piano playing brings Ludwig first fame. In Vienna, were written in the future famous works: Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata, Pathetique. In the following years he was actively composing new works: the first and second symphonies, "Creatures of Prometheus", "Christ on the Mount of Olives."
However, further work was complicated by the development of Beethoven's ear disease — tinita. Composer retires in Geyligenshtadte. There he is working on a third — the "Eroica" symphony.
complete deafness separates Ludwig from the outside world. However, even this event can not get him to stop writing. According to critics, the third symphony by Beethoven fully reveals his greatest talent.
In the years 1802-1812 Beethoven, with a special desire and zeal wrote sonatas. Then were created a whole series of works for piano and cello, the famous Ninth Symphony, the Missa Solemnis. Fame and popularity of the composer in the years have been very large. Even power, despite his frank freedom of thought, did not dare to touch the musician.
In the work of Beethoven's classical music reached its peak. And not just because Beethoven was able to absorb the best of what has already been achieved. A contemporary of the events of French Revolution of the late 18th century, proclaims liberty, equality and brotherhood of man, Beethoven was able to show in his music that the creator of these transformations is the people.
Died the great musician and composer Ludwig van Beethoven March 26 in 1827 in Vienna.