Igor Grabar

Igor Grabar (fragment self-portrait, 1934)
Emmanuilovich Igor Grabar was born (13) 25 March in 1871 in a Russian family in Budapest. In the family returned to Russia in 1876. Igor graduated from high school, and in 1889 — the Moscow High School. He dreamed of becoming an artist, and in 1889 went to St. Petersburg, where he enrolled in the University at once on two faculties — the legal, historical and philological. To make a living writing short stories.

¬ę February Azure "In 1894, Grabar enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts, he studied in the studio of . In 1895 he went to Italy, Paris and then throughout Europe, studying the works of recognized masters of painting and architecture. Returning to Russia in 1900, he wrote his best paintings devoted to Russian nature: "September Snow" (1903), "February Azure," "White Winter. Rooks Nest "," March Snow "(1904)," Chrysanthemums "(1905).

In 1910, the artist is interested in architecture, studying art history and writes the first "History of Russian Art" in six volumes (1909-1916). From 1913 to 1925, Grabar is the director of the Tretyakov Gallery, dedicated to the protection of monuments. In 1918, on his initiative, formed by the central restoration workshops (today they bear his name).

¬ęPortrait of the daughter against the background of a winter landscape "Passion for painting returns after 1924. To this period belong to the well-known portraits of relatives Grabar, scientists, and musicians: "Portrait of Mother" (1924), "Svetlana" (1933), "Portrait of the daughter in a winter landscape" (1934), "Portrait of a Son" (1935), "Portrait of Academician SA Chaplygin "(1935), self-portraits, the picture on the VI Lenin. He is continuing landscape painting, "The Last Snow" (1931), "Birch Alley" (1940), "Winter Landscape" (1954).

Until the end of life, the artist remained the guardian of traditions of Russian art in the late 19th century.

died Emmanuilovich Igor Grabar May 16 in 1960 in Moscow.