Paul I

Paul I
Paul I, son of and , born (September 20) October 1 in 1754 in St. Petersburg.

Early Years Paul grew up under the care of the Empress . Paul received a good education and, according to eyewitnesses, was an able, eager for knowledge romantically minded boy with an open character, sincerely believed in the ideals of goodness and justice.

Initially, his relationship with his mother after her accession to the throne in 1762 were close enough. However, their relationship deteriorated. Catherine feared his son, who had more legal rights to the throne, than she is. The Empress tried to prevent the Grand Duke's participation in public affairs, and he, in turn, began increasingly to critically assess the policy of the mother.

The arrival of Paul to power in November 1796 was accompanied by the militarization of the life of the court and St. Petersburg as a whole. The new emperor immediately tried to cross out everything done in 34 years of the reign of , and it has become one of the most important motives of his policy.

The Emperor sought to replace the principle of collective management organization sole. An important piece of legislation Paul was published in 1797 on the order of succession law in force in Russia until 1917.

In the area of ??estate policy the main goal was to turn the Russian nobility in the disciplined, polls serving bar. Paul was a contradictory policy towards the peasantry. During the four years of the reign he gave away about 600 thousand serfs, sincerely believing that they will be for the landlord to live better.

In the army, Paul sought to introduce the Prussian military rules. He believed that the army — a machine, and the main thing in it — mechanical coherence of troops and diligence. Initiative and autonomy is harmful and unacceptable.

The desire of Paul to the petty regulation affected and its interference in the daily lives of citizens. Were banned certain styles of clothing, hairstyles, dance, in which the emperor saw the manifestation of free thought. Was introduced strict censorship, banned the import of books from abroad.

Policy Paul in conjunction with its oppressive nature, unpredictable and eccentric, caused discontent in various social strata. Soon after his accession against him was a conspiracy to ripen.

Night (12) 24 March 1801 {event-conspirators broke} 425 {/ event} Paul's chambers, demanding to abdicate. As a result of clashes emperor was killed. People, it was announced that Paul died of apoplexy.