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James George Frazer, British anthropologist, folklorist and historian of religion, was born January 1 in 1854 in Glasgow (Scotland). He was the eldest of four children in the family of a pharmacist, was raised in an atmosphere of piety.
He received a university education, became interested in classical languages ??and literature. Easily goodbye to childhood religious faith, knowing that the world is controlled by the unchanging natural laws. E. Taylor book "Primitive Culture" led him to studies in anthropology. James continued his education at Trinity College, Cambridge. From 1879 to the end of his life he worked at the University of Cambridge.
Fraser is a member of English classical social anthropology. He made an enormous contribution to the study of totemism, magic and religious beliefs of mankind throughout its history. He is the author of the 12-volume work, "The Golden Bough", systematized factual material on the primitive magic, mythology, totemism, animism, taboos, religious beliefs, folklore and customs of different nations.
In 1896, Fraser married Elizabeth Grove, a French widow with two children. Elizabeth organized the translation of works into French husband, so Fraser became very famous in France after the First World War.
In 1907, he became a member of the Board of Trinity College, Cambridge University, and in 1907-1908 — Professor of Social Anthropology, University of Liverpool. Throughout his life, Fraser received the highest academic awards and colleagues used the same respect.
Since 1930, the scientist is almost completely blind. James Fraser died in Cambridge May 7 in 1941 at the age of 87 years.