International Day in Support of Victims of Torture

In 1997, on the recommendation of the Economic and Social Council, The UN General Assembly proclaimed 26 June International Day of United Nations in support of victims of torture (International Day in Support of Victims of Torture).

This day is aimed at eradicating torture and the effective functioning of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment of 1984, which entered into force on 26 June 1987.

Torture means any act by which a person intentionally inflicted severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person, or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind.

Each State Party shall take effective legislative, administrative, judicial or other measures to prevent acts of torture in any territory under its jurisdiction.

No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a justification of torture.

order from a superior officer or a public authority may not be invoked as a justification of torture.