Since 2011, Moldova has a new professional holiday — Day of the historian. The initiative for the establishment of this Day by the Academy of Sciences of Moldova and the Association of Historians of Moldova, and the decision was made by the Government of Moldova June 8 in 2011.
Day historian approved annually celebrate on June 18. This date marks an important day for the community of historians of the Republic of Moldova. June 18, 1989 was established by the Association of Historians of Moldova, which for more than twenty years, playing an important role in coordinating the work and efforts of historians of the republic.
Moldovan lands have been inhabited since ancient times, archaeologists have found evidence of life in these the edges already in the Paleolithic era. During the reign of Alexandru Boone, Stefan cel Mare, Petru Rares and Vasile Lupu, who left a rich cultural and spiritual heritage, the beginning of the true revival of Moldova. As you know, the first time the government of Moldova was mentioned in written historical sources in 1359. And in 1365, the ruler of the country, the governor Bogdan, has ensured that Moldova was recognized as an independent state with its capital in Siret.
On the ground, Moldova preserved many historical monuments Moldovan medieval fortress Hawtin, Soroca Tighina White Castle served as important objects in the defense system of the state; monasteries Capriana, Rudi Hirbovat, Curci moldavkimi are the oldest monasteries, the monasteries of Moldova, dating back to 13-14 centuries, are also one of the oldest landmarks.
Fortress SorokaV Moldova discovered one of the largest caves on earth — a cave Emil Rakovets located in gypsum deposits near the village curve county Edine?. The cave consists of several levels of a total length of over 89 kilometers. Talking about the historical heritage, it is worth mentioning the museum complex Old Orhei, which saved the certificate Dacian civilization, cave monasteries, the remains of the fortress Shehr al Jadid, erected by the Golden Horde in the 14th century, and the church and temple cvyatoy Mary, built in the first century.
In Moldova, the two objects were found Struve Arc (Struve Geodetic Arc) — a unique scientific experiment of the 19th century (1816-1855), which resulted in a calculated exact size and shape of the Earth. In 2005, Struve Geodetic Arc was declared a World Heritage Site under the number 1187. And the Old Orhei is a candidate for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.