30 January in 1995, the General Assembly proclaimed the June 17 World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought (World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought) in connection with the anniversary of the adoption of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification on 17 June 1994.
Convention requires States to devote the activities of the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought raise awareness of the need for international cooperation to combat desertification and the effects of drought, as well as on the implementation of the Convention to Combat Desertification.
Desertification — this is one of the most alarming processes of global environmental degradation. It threatens the health and source of funds to the coexistence of more than 1 billion people. Each year, desertification and drought cause losses of agricultural products in the amount of approximately $ 42 billion dollars.
The total area of ??Russian soils prone to desertification or potentially dangerous in this respect, is variously estimated from 50 to 100 million hectares. It's Volga region, the Caucasus, Trans-Baikal, Kalmykia and the Astrakhan region.
Under Drought understand long and significant lack of rainfall, which occurs at high temperature and low humidity. Drought reduces the inventory of soil moisture, which in turn leads to a decrease or loss of yield.
Most specialists called dry 1891, 1911, 1921, 1931, 1936, 1946, 1954, 1957, 1967, 1971. Most often suffer from drought Middle and Lower Volga and Ural River basin, as a result of drought Russia loses up to 24 million tons of grain.