annually 16 June on the initiative of the OAU (Organization of African Unity) in the world marks the International Day of the African Child (International Day of the African Child). First festival was celebrated in 1991, and since then the main theme of the Day was to attract the attention of the world community, and children's health organizations and policy-makers around the world to the problems of children in Africa and to the conditions of their daily lives.
Date of the International Day of the African Child has been chosen due to the tragic events that took place June 16, 1976 in South Africa. On that day, thousands of black school children took to the streets of the settlements in the south-western outskirts of Johannesburg — Soweto (Soweto — South Western Townships) — with requirements to improve the quality of school education and defending the right to education in their native language.
Hundreds of young Africans were shot by government security forces. Over the next two weeks, more than a hundred people were killed and thousands more injured. Official figures report that since June 16, 1976 February 28 in 1977 during the uprising as a result of police shootings killed 575 people and were arrested about 6,000 people.
In 2011, the events of the Day, it was decided to focus on the plight of street children (street children), which number in the continent, according to some estimates, is 30 million. The term "street children" are often criticized, but UNICEF (UNICEF — United Nations Children's Fund) follows describes these children, "they live in the city (urban) environment, have parents or other relatives, the relationship is weak or absent; have to survive, looking for different ways to this, see the street life is the only possible way of being, which replaces the street for family and becomes a place of social activity, and they live with the risk to life and are subject to many risks».
As you know, street children are the most poorly protected children in the world, they are repeatedly exposed to violence, exploitation, physical and moral humiliation.
Tuition — another big problem for many African children. Despite the efforts and assistance of charitable organizations, and today there is an impassable barrier between the law and reality. That is why international organizations, starting with the African Union and UNICEF, each year take initiatives, organize discussions to bring the lives of millions of children in Africa to human.