Traditionally, herring feast is held in the Netherlands on the first Saturday in June , immediately after the port will deliver the first new herring catch. The catch — especially since the end of May herring reaches ideal size and fattens 14 percent fat.
This holiday is often called the "Day of flags» (Flaggetjesdag). Boxes appear in the title of festivals because they are traditionally decorated in this day harbor town Shefeningena (Scheveningen) and the surrounding streets. Who came to the festival will be able to eat enough delicacy — the first new herring season, the so-called "Nieuw Hollandse." The first herring boat, called a port Shefeningen, usually gets a cash prize.
Earlier in the week, when returning from the sea, "herring" fleet, fish gutting a special way, add a little salt and put into barrels. The first keg of selected Haring — so called in Dutch herring — are presented to Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands. On long ago established tradition to mark the beginning of a new season monarch presented with three buckets of fish of a certain size and weight, enough fat and salinity. And then arrange auction, which sold the second this year barrel salted delicacy. The price for it can go up to 30,000 euros! The proceeds will go to charity.
remaining after all these ceremonies herring is sold to everyone and sent to the passing of all the Netherlands herring banquets, which gathers the local elite. People can feast on this simpler "maateskharen" right on the street using a salted herring from one of the hawkers.
Sellers in traditional costumes in front of the buyer snatched from a bucket of muddy brine from the glossy fat fish, with extraordinary dexterity to tear off her skin, separate the meat from the bones, and a minute later serve the suffering pure salted herring fillets.
Herring Day celebrate the game of numerous orchestras, filled the port Shefeningen, equestrian competitions directly on the quays and the deafening volleys into the air from ancient rifles. The harbor is filled with old sailing ships and modern ocean-going vessels, inviting everyone on the tour. In addition, all visitors to the new holiday eat herring catch, following certain rituals: consumers dipped in finely chopped onion devoid of scales, bones and entrails of fish, throws back of the head to the sky and holding the tail, into your mouth. Experienced people manage in one go chew up all the salted fish whole. Seize the Dutch herring gray bread. All washed down with beer.
Until the 15th century the herring are not considered food, decent honest people. She did not favor due to the heavy smell of rancid fish oil and unpleasant bitter taste. It was the poor food and monks, to be humble their pride and destroy the body. King Louis IX of the Holy sent her in charity leper.
This went on for a long time, until one fisherman Dutch Willem Jacob Beykelsu not had the idea to completely change things. Beykels before salting was removed from the gills of herring, because of which it is, in fact, taste bitter. In this case, he has achieved perfection, and even invented a way to delete them in one motion knife. Prepared in this way was putting fish in barrels Beykels neat layers and evenly poured the salt. He did it all straight into the sea, barely catch of fish, and as the boat was going to the shore, prosalivalas fish in barrels.
Before anyone and had no idea so much bothered with such rubbish as a herring! The more astonished neighbors Beykelsa, as a result of the aforesaid manipulations of their fellow villager turned out tasty, delicious-smelling oily fish that literally melted in your mouth. Herring were exported in large cities and soon a "new product" is recognized throughout the Netherlands.
Thus began the real herring boom that has not stopped to this day. Glory to the Dutch herring quickly out of the country and spread throughout Europe. Demand for the "poor fish" has grown incredibly resourceful and Dutch merchants immediately began to invest in the organization of fishing. It was built in a "herring fleet" of fishing boats and ships, tailored specifically for fishing and salting herring. The secret of herring the Dutch cherished holy and without competition, dictating the prices of delicacy, without which it is inconceivable table was not one of the royal courts of Europe.
Fisherman to the grave to this day come to worship the crowned heads. By the way, the first monarch of the track to the cemetery paved the Emperor Charles V and his sister Mary, Queen of Hungary. Crowned brother and sister were avid fans of herring in 1556 and visited the grave of a man who has given them such a joy in life.