More than 70% of the Earth's surface is covered by oceans, it takes Almost three-quarters of its surface. Scientists divide the global water pool into four major oceans: the Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Arctic. Oceanography deals with the study of the oceans.
At the International Summit Conference, held in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), proposed a new holiday — World Oceans Day (World Oceans Day).
C this time, the festival is celebrated by anyone who has even the most remote relation to the oceans. Today, employees of many zoos, aquariums, dolphin coordinate their efforts in order to protect the rights of the inhabitants of the deep sea and stable environmental conditions.
In 2008, the General Assembly of the United Nations decided that starting from 2009 festival will be celebrated officially. Thus, mankind has received another opportunity to force all people to preserve nature at its best, take care of the flora and fauna of the ocean. Taking care of the ocean serve as an obstacle to the extinction of many species of plants and animals.
The ocean wave is strong and beautiful (Photo: Epic Stock, Shutterstock) Interesting facts about the oceans
An intensive study of the oceans began in the second half of the 20th century. The main research method was the ocean depths echolocation method by which resulted in detailed maps of the ocean's depths, were discovered major landforms ocean floor.
The deepest ocean trenches is the Mariana Trench, located in the Pacific Ocean near the Northern Mariana Islands. Its depth is 10,924 meters, that is, almost 11 miles away!
Along with river runoff and sediment flows into the ocean about 0.5 million cubic kilometers of fresh water. This amount corresponds to a layer of water on the surface of the ocean thickness of about 1.25 meters.
As is known, the name of the Pacific gave the Portuguese navigator and explorer (Ferdinand Magellan) after 's 1519-1522 expedition. Magellan named the ocean "peaceful sea" because of all the time travel is not ranked in any storm, any storm.