Memorial Day (Memorial Day) is celebrated on the last Monday in May in memory of all the victims citizens of America. Initially, the dead were honored in the Civil War, but now it's — Day of Remembrance of the victims of all wars and of all the dead. On this day a special ceremony held in cemeteries, churches and other public places.
Memorial Day was first called Decoration Day (Decoration Day). This is a day of remembrance of those who died in the service of the people. There are many stories about the beginning of the celebration, more than a dozen cities claim to be the birth place of Memorial Day. There is also evidence that organized women's groups in the South decorated graves before the end of the civil war in 1867, was published the hymn "Kneel down there, where sleep our favorite" written by Nella L. Sweet, who carried the dedication: "Women in the south of the country, who decorated the graves of the Confederate dead. "
Memorial Day was officially proclaimed May 5 in 1868 by General John Logan, national commander of the Army of the Old Republic, and was celebrated for the first time 30 May in 1868, when flowers were laid on the grave of Union and Confederate soldiers at Arlington National Cemetery. The first state to officially recognized holiday was New York in 1873.
While Waterloo, NY, and was officially declared the birthplace of Memorial Day by President Lyndon Johnson in May 1966, it is difficult to prove conclusively the origins of the holiday. It seems that there are several principles: every city and every planned or spontaneous gathering of people to honor the memory of those killed in the war in 1860, showed a general need to honor the memory of their dead, and all this has led to an increase in traffic that received a culmination when John Logan proclaimed it in 1868. No matter who was the first, it is important that Memorial Day was established. This day does not share. It brings together, people are going to pay tribute to those who gave all for others.
During 1890 he was named all of the northern states. The South refused to acknowledge the date and honored their dead on different days. This continued until the First World War, when the veneration of those who died in the Civil War was changed to honoring those who died in all wars. This holiday is celebrated today in all the states on the last Monday of May (the law passed by Congress in the Act on the National Weekend of 1971 to provide three days of Federal holidays), though several southern states have an additional day of commemoration of the dead Confederate: January 19 in Texas; 26 April in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and Mississippi; 10 May in South Carolina; on June 3 (Jefferson Davis' birthday) in Louisiana and Tennessee.
In 1915, inspired by the poem "In Flanders Fields", Moin Michael said his own poem:
We think of red poppies,
In fields that are growing — signs of valor,
As if the heavens cry of the blood
heroes that will live forever.
Then she had an idea to wear red poppies on Memorial Day in honor of those who died in the service of the people during the war. She was the first who wore them, and she was selling poppies employees and friends, and the money went to a charity in need. Later, Madam Guerin from France, when I was in the United States, began to make artificial poppies and sold them in favor of orphaned children and widowed women. In 1921, the Franco-American League sold poppies children to help children orphaned in the war in France and Belgium. Before Memorial Day 1922 this league was the first organization of veterans who were engaged in the manufacture and sale of poppies on a national scale. This tradition spread to other countries.
now pending in the Senate bill is the introduction of the Day of Remembrance for a specific date, namely May 30. The purpose of this Act is to restore and strengthen the traditions of this holiday, as the holiday is just a part of a three-day weekend, which confuses people, distracts them from the true spirit and meaning of the holiday.