Every year since 2001, May 22 marks the International Day for Biological Diversity (International Day for Biological Diversity). This day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in 1995 by a special resolution on the basis of the recommendations of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) held in 1994.
Biodiversity — the variety is life on the planet, which is now rapidly shrinking. Plants die, disappear from the face of the earth and the animals of the forest ... In many ways, the reason for it — the active human activity. And the concern about the future of the biological diversity of the planet reflected in the fact that the UN Conference on Environment and Sustainable Development in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, was invited to the world community in the first place to pay attention to the conservation of biological diversity — both living species and ecological systems.
In this regard, it adopted the Convention on Biological Diversity, and today it is a party of about 200 countries. The objectives sought by the country acceded to the Convention are obvious: the conservation of biological diversity of living species and ecosystems, sustainable use of components of biological diversity and the benefits from the use of genetic resources.
The main objective of the International Day for Biological Diversity — draw public attention to the problem of permanent disappearance of many in the world of flora and fauna. The biological diversity of the planet continues to shrink, and the ecological balance is still subject to change. About 60% of the ecological system is degraded or used recklessly, leading to the loss of biological diversity and the serious consequences that in the next 50 years could get worse.
African white pelican (endangered species) The World Conservation Union identified seven major factors contributing to the loss of biological diversity:
— The loss and fragmentation of habitat;
— Competition from invasive species;
— Environmental pollution;
— Global climate change;
— Population growth and excessive consumption;
— Reckless use of natural resources.
Most of these factors is the result of human activity.
One of the ways to fight for the preservation of the diversity of life on our planet is the protection of rare and endangered species of plants and animals, and caring attitude to nature.