20 May all Volga regions celebrate the day of the great river. Volga — one of the largest rivers not only in Russia but also in Europe. Its length is 3.7 thousand kilometers. The basin area, which occupies eight percent of Russia — 1.5 million square kilometers. In the Volga region is almost half of all agricultural and industrial enterprises. Every year, on the Volga River flows about 250 cubic kilometers of water.
First Volga Day was held in 2008 in Nizhny Novgorod during the X International Scientific and Industrial Forum "Great Rivers — 2008". Then, the celebration was joined by other regions of Russia. Among them, Volgograd, Astrakhan, Yaroslavl, Samara region, the Republic of Tatarstan.
According to the organizers, the festival is designed to attract the attention of the authorities and the public to the problem of conservation of the river, which is not only the pride of the country, but also a valuable strategic natural resource. However, the active human activities and the development of scientific and technological advances lead to pollution and shallowing of the Volga. The reason for that — the use of chemical fertilizers to increase crop yield farmland, a large number of industrial plants on the banks of the river, cascade hydropower stations and other "signs of civilization."
about Volga Ulyanovsk (Photo: ru . wikipedia.org) In celebration of the Day of the Volga in all regions, areas which nourishes this waterway, conduct environmental activities. Volunteers cleaned the river bank, conducting training events — themed photo exhibition and the exhibition of children's drawings, lectures, scientific discussions and workshops, as well as the fair of handicrafts, games and concerts.
By the way, 20 May — far not only day event held in support of the Volga. So, since 2006, on the initiative of the UNESCO Office in Moscow, the Russian Federation implemented environmental program "Living Volga".
Also, in Russia's Volga region was the third consecutive decade operates a powerful environmental movement in support of the Volga — "Help the River." It is attended by about 200 community groups, the focal center of the movement is based in Nizhny Novgorod. In 1990, in his part in the major cities of the Volga region launched propaganda action musicians and environmentalists "Rock of clean water." And in October of the same in 1990 in Nizhny Novgorod, the first conference "Days of Volga", which was attended by representatives of 40 environmental organizations. Subsequently began to organize this conference annually.