Pentecost (Pentecost) — the fiftieth day after Easter — was one of the three great feasts of the Old Testament. This holiday is celebrated the adoption of the Sinai law when the prophet Moses, when fifteen hundred years before the birth of Christ at the foot of Mount Sinai the Jewish people, freed from Egypt, has entered into a covenant with God.
Jews promised to obey God, and the Lord had promised them his favor. By the time of year the feast of Pentecost coincided with the end of the harvest, and therefore met with glee.
Many Jews scattered in different countries the vast Roman Empire, tried to come to this festival in Jerusalem. Having been born in other countries, many of them are already struggling to understand your own Hebrew, however, tried to comply with their national and religious customs and even occasionally make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.
The Descent of the Holy Spirit was not an unexpected event for the apostles.
Even a few centuries before the birth of the Savior the Lord God began to prepare people for the day of their spiritual rebirth and the mouth of the prophets foretold: "You to walk in my statutes, and keep my judgments, and shall pour out my Spirit upon all flesh ... Pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground ... and you will draw water joyfully from the springs of salvation ... And I will give you a new heart and a new spirit within you, and I will take out of your flesh the heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh. I will put my Spirit within you, and I will fulfill "(Joel 2:28, Isa. 12:3, 44:3, Ezekiel.).
While preparing to return to his heavenly Father, the Lord Jesus Christ before his crucifixion devotes his farewell conversation with the apostles upcoming descent of the Holy Spirit.
Lord explains to his disciples that the Comforter — the Holy Spirit — is about to come to them to complete the task of salvation.
preparing to receive the Holy Spirit after the Lord's ascension into heaven, the disciples of Christ, together with the Blessed Virgin Mary, with the women-bearers and other believers (about 120 people) were at Pentecost in Jerusalem, in the so-called " Zion Upper Room. " It was probably in that big room, where shortly before his sufferings the Lord made the Last Supper.
apostles and all the participants expect that the Savior would send the "Promise of the Father," and they shall be clothed with power from on high, even though they did not know what actually will be the coming of the Comforter, the Spirit (Luke 24:49). Since the Lord Jesus Christ died and rose again during the period of the Old Testament Passover, the feast of Pentecost, the Old Testament accounted for in the year on the 50th day after His resurrection.
And now, at nine o'clock in the morning when people are usually going to the temple for sacrifice and prayer, suddenly over Zion Upper Room noise was heard, as if from a stormy wind. The noise that filled the house where the disciples were, and at the same time over the heads of the Apostles, a host of tongues of fire, which began to fall on each of them.
These languages ??have an unusual property: they are light, but not burned. But even more extraordinary was the spiritual properties that these mysterious languages ??reported. Anyone to whom this language down, I felt a great surge of spiritual forces and, at the same time, unspeakable joy and enthusiasm. He was beginning to feel like a completely different person: peaceful, full of life and passionate love for God.
These internal changes and new untried feelings expressed in the Apostles were rejoicing and glorifying God in a loud. And here it was found that they did not speak in his native Hebrew, and some other languages ??unknown to them.
This is done over the apostles baptized in the Holy Spirit and with fire, as was foretold by the prophet John the Baptist (Matt. 3:11).
Meanwhile, the noise-like storm of wind caught many people to the Apostolic home. Having seen flocking from all sides people, with the prayers of praise and glorify God on the lips of the apostles went out to the roof of the house.
Hearing this stream of joyful prayer, gathered around their houses were blown phenomenon unknown to them: the disciples of Christ, originally mostly Galileans, people are uneducated mind, from which it is impossible to expect and had no knowledge of any language other than their mother, suddenly began to speak in different languages.
And, no matter how diverse the crowd was gathered on their origin and language, each, however, heard some one preacher who praised God in the language of his country. Surprising many turned into horror, but there were also wicked that'' mocking said,'' that the Apostles'''' full of new wine (Acts 2,13).
Seeing puzzled people, the apostle Peter stepped forward and delivered his first sermon in which he told the audience that in the wonderful outpouring of the Holy Spirit celebrated ancient prophecy.
short and simple, this was a sermon, but as spoken by the mouth of Peter the Holy Spirit, these words penetrated into the hearts of those who heard. Many of them were cut to the heart and said to him:
— What should we do?
— Repent — the apostle Peter said to them, — and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ. And you'll not only be forgiven, but they themselves receive the grace of the Holy Spirit.
Many believers in Christ, according to the Apostle Peter, immediately publicly repented of their sins, were baptized, and by the evening of the day of Christ's Church of the 120 number had risen to 3,000 people.
This wonderful event started the existence of the Church of Christ — this blessed community of believers in which all are called to save their souls. The Lord promised that the Church abide undefeated gates of hell until the end of the world!
Feast of the Holy Trinity is set by the apostles. After a day of descent of the Holy Spirit, they began to annually celebrate the Day of Pentecost, and commanded to remember the event for all Christians (1 Kor.16, 8, Acts. 20.16).
vespers service of the day, as well as for the Easter holiday, usually held in conjunction mass baptism, and this practice still persists in relation to receiving the baptism of adults in the Roman Catholic Church, in the liturgy of this feast which is in its value equal to Easter. The famous "golden sequence", "Come, Holy Spirit» («Veni Sancte Spiritus»), anthem, owned by an unknown author of the 13th century, is sung during the festive Mass of Pentecost.