term "homophobia» (Homophobia: from the Greek homos — same and phobos — fear, fear) appeared relatively recently — in 1972. Prior to this phenomenon, which is now called homophobia, it was the social norm. To indicate an irrational fear of homosexuals, rejection and neglect of sexual minorities, the term "homophobia" was first used by psychiatrist George Weinberg (George Weinberg).
The 20th century was, without doubt, the most homophobic historical period: the deportation of gay concentration camps during the Nazi era, the Soviet Gulag, blackmail and harassment in the United States during the McCarthy era ... Obviously, all this seems to us very far. But in many countries the situation of gays and indeed this is now.
Discrimination against homosexuals is observed everywhere: at least eighty countries homosexuality is illegal in many countries it is punishable by imprisonment of up to ten years. Sometimes the law provides for life imprisonment. And even in the top ten countries for homosexuals to apply the death penalty.
The idea of ??establishing the May 17 of the International Day Against Homophobia (International Day Against Homophobia) filed a French writer and scientist Louis-Georges Tan. The day was chosen by chance — it was May 17, 1990, the General Assembly of the World Health Organization removed homosexuality from its list of mental illnesses. Tan expressed the hope that the day will help to improve the lives of the people who need it most.
International Day Against Homophobia is officially celebrated since 2003. The recognition of this day puts certain obligations to the international community, which has rallied against many other forms of discrimination and violence, but yet in most states did not have broad support in the fight for the rights of sexual minorities.