The full name of the holiday — the International Day of conscientious objectors to military service conscientious objection. Its foundation was laid May 15 in 1997. That same day, the German federal parliament, the Bundestag, has issued a resolution on the rehabilitation of those who pursued Nazi military justice for refusing to serve on the personal convictions for desertion and for the same reasons.
To better understand the ideology that date , we turn to the time of the Great Patriotic War. Nazi military justice practiced brutal persecution of those who did not want to take part in the hostilities on the side of the German army, and considered actions of fascists crime. As a result of "deserters" were issued more than 30,000 death sentences, 25,000 of them were executed.
In May 1997 the Bundestag resolution recognized that the sentences of Nazi military courts were unfair and not consistent with the values ??of modern the rule of law. "The Second World War was a war of aggression and extermination, a crime committed by Nazi Germany" — the document says.
May 15, 2001, the fourth anniversary of the beginning of the celebration of this date, in the former concentration camp "Buchenwald "opened a memorial stone in memory of conscientious objectors and deserters from the Nazi army to honor the respectable act of people who dared to go against the Nazi regime, risking their own lives. The inscription on the stone reads: "In memory of the victims of Nazi military justice, who refused to serve in the military because they do not want to serve the criminal regime. Between November 1944 and March 1945 several hundred convicted by a military court were sent to a concentration camp "Buchenwald". Almost all of them were sent away to a concentration camp "Mittel-Dora." Many did not survive. "
Also, the organizers of this action demanded legal rehabilitation of the dead and the survivors of the deserters, stating the need for decent compensation for their suffering in prisons and concentration camps.