Day of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day) was established in honor of the Swiss businessman, social activist and humanist (Jean Henri Dunant, May 8 1828 — October 30 1910), who was born on this day in May.
In the mid-19th century on the initiative Dunant first began to form a group of volunteers who assisted the wounded on the battlefield. And in 1863, on his own initiative, convened the conference, marked the beginning of the ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross).
Officially known as the International Red Cross was approved in 1928 at the 13th International Conference in The Hague. The conference adopted the charter of the organization, which changed later in 1952 and 1965.
On the 25 th International Conference of the Red Cross, held in October 1986, had approved the new name of the organization — the International Red Cross and Red Crescent (ICRC).
ICRC task — to help the wounded, sick and prisoners of war during armed conflict, aid to victims of natural disasters. The basic principles of the movement — humanity, impartiality, voluntary service, unity and universality.
In Russia Red Cross Society was established in May 1867 under the name "Society for care of the sick and wounded soldiers." In 1918 it was transformed into proletarian Red Cross, in 1925, formed the Union of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies of the USSR.
In 1992, in connection with the collapse of the Soviet Union, adopted a document "On liquidation of the Soviet Red the Cross. " Successor of Sokka and KP was Russian Red Cross Society (Rokko).
Today is the International Red Cross is working in 176 countries worldwide.