Wikipedia (English Wikipedia) — universal encyclopedia, freely distributed by the World Wide Web. Encyclopedia articles are created in many languages ??voluntary collective work of authors. One of the main advantages of Wikipedia is to present information in their native language, while maintaining its value in the aspect of cultural identity.
Heritage of Humanity by the volume of data and thematic coverage Wikipedia is the most complete encyclopedia ever was created in the history of mankind. Every Internet user can visit the Wikipedia site, find and read any article. If you find errors or possible lack of information by clicking on "edit" to correct these errors, add new information or by writing a new article, submit it to the site. So usually replenished sections, new articles, develops encyclopedia. Knowledge of each person become common property.
A little history Ancestor Wikipedia is considered Nupedia (Nupedia) — encyclopedia project in English, implementing the principles of freedom of information. Articles written Nupedia scholars and people from the academic environment, and the founders were Larry Sanger (Larry Sanger) and Jimmy Wales (Jimmy Wales).
To speed up the completion of the encyclopedia, January 15, 2001 Wales and Sanger opened a site "Wikipedia". Since taking part in editing the encyclopedia anyone can World Wide Web.
Wikipedia gets its name from its use for the implementation of the technology, "wiki". Translated from the Hawaiian language wiki i> means "fast."
In May 2001, were launched language versions of Wikipedia: Russian, German, Swedish, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Esperanto, Catalan, Hebrew, Japanese, and a little later — Arabic and Hungarian. Now Wikipedia has more than 260 language editions.
Volume Wikipedia is growing steadily. Encyclopedia gaining popularity among web users, among the ten most visited Internet resources of the world.
Here a democracy
decision about the content of the Wikipedia article is accepted by the authors. Each article has a two-page — directly article and discuss it. On the talk page, you can make critical comments about the article, if someone does not want to edit the article yourself. Many of the participants themselves make a difference.
Wikipedia policy and the rules for participation in its creation are community. Decisions are made on the basis of consent. In other words, each party expressing an opinion and is appropriate arguments. Parties shall consider further arguments with each other, as a result of someone can change their mind. As a result, reaching a consensus, the final decision.
The speed of thought
Thanks to technology wiki, the information shows up and updated quickly. Operational information on the topic you are interested you get an instant, and instantly, you can share your existing knowledge with the world.
Trust, but verify
Wikipedia is not a primary source. If the article contains a fact, then it should be given a reliable source. And if the source is not specified — that fact can and remove. But they can not removed. The reader should understand and analyze what if there are facts, but does not indicate where they were taken, do not particularly trust them. It makes sense to check this information from other sources.
Ru.Vikipediya: more big
Today Russian-language Wikipedia contains more than 600,000 articles. This is six times larger than the Great Soviet Encyclopedia contains (TSB). In 2010, the Russian Wikipedia community members were awarded the prize "Rotor" in the "Internet community of the year».
Facts solve all
The basic principle of Wikipedia articles — neutral point of view. The texts must not be tilted — emotional evaluations, advocacy of subjective opinion. Just the facts. Of course, when the number of participants who adhere to a certain point of view dominates, "scales" can be outweighed by the side of the majority. But in this case, any party may call into question the neutrality of the article, explaining his opinion. In this case, all parties should try to bring the problematic article to a neutral mind.
Readers and writers
Basically Wikipedia pages offer two types of people — some swell the encyclopedia, and others — their knowledge. Encyclopedia supplement enthusiasts to use — all the rest. The person reading the Wikipedia article, you need to pay attention to the different notes in the text. For example, "you need a source," or "this assertion is questionable." In such cases, maybe you should look at the discussion page, because sometimes the text can slip inaccuracy. And in the case of sustainable concerns should consult the TSB the same ... However, rumors of a mass of false data Wikipedia greatly exaggerated.
Myths and Realities
scientific journal Nature («Nature"), determined to dispel popular the myth of the unreliability of Wikipedia articles, proposed experts to examine 42 articles selected from Wikipedia and Britannica from. Source article intentionally not specified. As a result of the study it was found eight serious errors, and half of them came in Wikipedia and Britannica on the same. In Russia, such experiments have been conducted. Maybe someone will dare to take the first step?