27 April in 1946 by order of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs in the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Office for the Protection of the important enterprises of the industry established a special department for the protection of research institutes and laboratories of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR engaged in research in the field of nuclear energy.
This day is celebrated as the feast of the professional military units of the internal troops for the protection of sites of special works of important public facilities and support specific loads (MPSR, GED and SG).
The troops of this kind is unofficial, but it is well-established name — "special units". And their professional holiday, the military is called the Day of special units. Full name of the holiday is: Day of the military unit for the protection of places of special works of important public facilities and maintenance of special cargo.
For a long time, the activities of these parts has been hidden from the general public due to the nature of their tasks . Even today in the press do not often see information about their service and military activities.
System protection of important state objects formed after World War II, when the country's infancy nuclear industry, promote military-industrial complex, created many research institutions, developing strategic weapons. They needed to provide a reliable safety and security, to take measures for the preservation of state secrets and secrets that were born in research laboratories and institutes.
Doing this kind of task was entrusted to a specially created as part of the Interior Ministry military units and formations.
For a long time, the activities of these parts has been hidden the attention of the general public ... (Photo: hurricane, Shutterstock) By June 1946 were formed five commandants, the first of which was the special commandant for the Protection of laboratory instrumentation number 2 of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, now — the Russian Research Center "Kurchatov Institute". In August 1946, the military units have started to carry out tasks for the protection of sites of special works.
servicemen of military units for the protection of important public facilities and special cargoes always fulfilled their service-combat tasks, often risking their own lives to protect the public from natural and man-made disasters. The troops involved in the accident at the plant "Mayak" in 1957, at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986.
Today, the military units of internal troops of the Russian Interior Ministry for the Protection of places of special works of important public facilities and special cargo service and perform combat missions on the basis of the federal law "On the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation" and provide reliable protection of more than 100 important public facilities.
Under the protection of Troops are objects of the nuclear weapons complex, nuclear power plants, research institutes and design bureaus, particularly sensitive sites, the objects of the defense industry, production and storage of ammunition, explosives, state values.