Professional holiday notaries appeared in Russian in 2007. on April 13 date of the celebration approved the supreme body of the Federal Chamber of Notaries and the Assembly of Representatives of notary chambers of subjects of the Russian Federation. So far, this day is celebrated informally, within the professional community. But congratulations to the Ministry of Justice, which are addressed in this day employees of the Russian notary indicate that the holiday has taken root.
Selection of celebratory date due to the fact that it is April 27 (New Style), 1866 Emperor signed a "Regulation on notarial part." This document established the office of notary and notary became an independent public institution with a unified structure of notary chambers.
The first mention of notaries in Russia belong to the XV century. Pskov Judicial Charter, for example, stresses the need for written evidence in solving property issues, and describes the requirements for the correct preparation of wills and customs Belozerskaya charter stipulates the terms of the transaction of purchase and sale.
Even at that time, correct preparation of the documents and confirmation of their authenticity has been assigned to special people. They became princes and governors of the scribes, priests and scribes. And stipulated the fee that was charged for such services. By order of the in 1775 in the Russian notary functions conferred on the courts.
However, only in the XIX century notary shape as a separate structure. Since that time, each district court consisted notaries who were appointed by the chairman of the Chamber. To apply for this position, a candidate must have a cash bail and have been successfully tested.
Activities of notaries was mainly to protect the property rights of citizens: preparing various documents and testimony, approval and registration of actions related to transfer of property.
abolition of private property after October Revolution doomed once powerful Russian notary to death. He is now detained at the expense of the budget: the entire fee for a notary's go to the local treasury. The jurisdiction of a notary in the Soviet time was to only formal certification of copies of documents. Single institution notary has ceased to exist.
11 February 1993, the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation approved the basis of the modern Russian legislation on notaries, that was the day of revival in the Russian independent notaries .