World Immunization Week (World Immunization Week) is held the second half of April at the initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO). Originally, the event was called the European Immunization Week and covered, respectively, only the countries of the Old World, but gradually joined her and other continents.
of the Week is intended to raise awareness of immunization as a major preventive measures to protect humanity from infectious diseases. WHO strongly recommends that families necessarily immunize children against deadly diseases.
According to the organization, immunization can prevent from 2 to 3 million deaths from diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, measles, mumps, and rubella. The number of children who receive the vaccine in a timely manner increases, including through the efforts of WHO and its announced Immunization Week. Each year, vaccinations against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine made more than 100 million children around the world.
However, for example, in 2010, nearly 20 million children do not receive the necessary vaccine. Nearly 70 percent of them live in the 10 countries of the world: India, Indonesia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Congo, Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia and South Africa. At the same time, from diseases that could be prevented immunized 1.7 million children died before the age of five years.
In order to minimize the chances of similar cases in the future, WHO is the Week of the various immunization awareness events organized vaccination of children and adults, inviting representatives from different countries to exchange information and experiences. Worldwide cooperation can accelerate the pace of immunization and reach the maximum number of people and regions.