24 April in the calendar ecological dates marked as the World Day laboratory animals, which was established by the International Association against painful experiments on animals (InterNICHE) in 1979 and supported by the UN. Initially, he "celebrated" animal protection organizations in several countries, and today all over the world are actively developing movement against vivisection (experiments and experiments on laboratory animals), which is supported by various social activists and animal protection organizations.
I must say that the animals used in experiments for a long time, yet these works were sporadic. The concept of "laboratory animal" was formed in the late 19th century, with the rapid development of experimental biology and medicine, and in the second half of the 20th century, a method of scientific experimentation on animals ¬ ing took shape as an independent direction. Today, laboratory animals are used for modeling of pathological processes and research ¬ pytaniya drugs, cosmetics, cigarettes, food additives, household cleaning agents ... The main customers are the major research pharmaceutical and cosmetic corporations.
Among the most frequently used in the experiments animals — mice, rabbits, monkeys and dogs. Every year, hundreds of members of those species are killed in laboratories. In addition, the animals used in the training of future health professionals and veterinarians.
Of course, at the initial stage of the development of the science of laboratory animals ¬ tory ethical issues are not relevant, since both the scope of the "industry" was not so great. At present, the issues of bioethics in this area are in the spotlight and scientists, and the public. Cruel experiments and tests on animals continue to exist in the first place is because many consumers are unfamiliar with this moral issue, and the producers are not interested to convey it to the final customers. This is in order to attract the world's attention to this issue and was established the World Day of laboratory animals.
Bioethics animal experimentation requires the use of the latest advances to improve the welfare of laboratory animals, improve their technology content, to ensure their humane and appropriate use in experiments, reduce the number of such animals to reduce pain and suffering of animals in the experiment etc. Bioethics also examines the moral, legal, philosophical, social, and religious issues that arise in connection with the unavoidable use of animals as a means to progress in biology and medicine.
In the middle of the last century in many countries launched a powerful social movement under the slogan "Beauty without cruelty", resulting in a significant number of cosmetic companies switched to vegetable raw materials (ie, without animal components) and testing alternative (non-animal). Today such products labeled with the logo: rabbit in a circle and the words — «Not tested for animals» («Not tested on animals"), or a sign «V» (vegan).
Also InterNICHE launched its activities in many countries around the world to find alternatives to vivisection in an educational institution. Many universities in Europe, and today, and Russia, declared its refusal to conduct experiments on animals. Students are provided instead of video and computer programs that replace animal dissection. The practical skills they can acquire, dissecting corpses of animals that have died a natural death, died in an accident or were euthanized because of an incurable disease. All this, of course, allows you to save the lives of many members of the animal world.
But if in the learning process can be dispensed without a living organism, then, unfortunately, many scientific experiments rather difficult to be carried out without the participation of the animals. But here, animal protection organizations for years of work achieved many positive results. For example, in 1998, the UK banned the first testing of cosmetics on animals, and introduced a law on compulsory treatment of pain experiment, and then the other, and in some countries there are organizations that specialize in the protection of laboratory animals in the United States a lot of attention is paid to the development of alternative testing methods .
I must say that today products, untested on animals, are gaining popularity among consumers and, therefore, appear and "dishonest" in this issue of the manufacturers. In this regard, approved a number of important documents and standards (ethical cosmetics and household products) worldwide for the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes. In addition, the search for alternative methods to animal experimentation continues.
And the World Day of vivisection laboratory animals opponents and supporters of humane science in various countries carried out several large-scale awareness campaigns and activities to once again draw attention to the problems of "our little brothers" who are doomed to experiments and remind you that there is an alternative medicine, cosmetics, household cleaning products and personal care products. In defense of the rights of laboratory animals a lot of ambiguities and contradictions, but will only be able to resolve their compassionate and humane society.