bear sneaks through the forest deadwood.
Steel birds sing songs,
And snowdrop bloom!
SY, the fairy tale "The Twelve Months»
annually on April 19 in many countries there is now traditional beautiful spring holiday — snowdrop (The Day of Snowdrop). Its history dates back from England, where it was established in 1984. Generally in the world, according to climate zone, snowdrops bloom from January to April. And as in the UK of their blooming period is mid-April, then this festival has been dated to this period — the beginning of spring and the warm, sunny days, and today was loved and popular in other countries.
It should say snowdrops in England — it is a very popular flowers, and treat them very anxious. It is believed that this is due to old English superstition that says that snowdrops, planted around the house, it will save the inhabitants from the evil spirits. But first snowdrops — it's the first flowers that appear after a cold winter and thus symbolize the beginning of spring, the heat victory over a cold and give hope for the best. They adorn many city flower beds, and their breeding in the United Kingdom to pay as much attention as, for example, the breeding of tulips in Holland.
Latin name snowdrop — "galyantus» (Galanthus) — «milk flower." This species is known from the 1st millennium, in the Middle Ages it was revered as a symbol of purity, and it began to grow throughout the 19th century. Today snowdrops grow in many areas of the globe, only there are about 20 species, but almost all of them are listed as endangered. The most popular form — pure white snowdrop, but there are still Greek, Byzantine, Caucasian ... They all vary in shape and color, and even the flavor, but they are much loved.
In different countries, this flower is called differently . The British called it the snow or snow drop earring, the Czechs — the snowflake, the Germans — snow bell, and we — snowdrops. Russian name probably occurred due to the ability of plants spring break from the snow and blooming with the first warm rays of the sun. In Russia snowdrop grows mostly in the foothill and mountain forests or on the high meadows, and it bred as an ornamental plant.
After all, the mere fact that it is hidden under the snow beautiful spring creation of nature, already makes the image snowdrop full of mysteries and secrets. And so it is quite natural that he often became the hero of the various legends and fairy tales. For example, one ancient legend says that when Adam and Eve were expelled from Eden, it was snowing. Eva froze and started crying, remembering the warm paradise gardens. To comfort her, God turned a few snowflakes in the snowdrop flowers. Seeing the flowers, Eva brightened and she began to hope for the best. Hence, it is believed that the snowdrop — a symbol of hope. According to another legend, the goddess Flora handing out flowers costumes for carnival and gave snowdrop white dress. But the snow also wanted to participate in the carnival costume though he was not supposed to. Then he began to ask the flowers to help him, but they feared the cold and did not agree, and only snowdrop covered him with her white cloak. Together they circled in the dance of colors and penetrated each other such sympathy that are inseparable to this day. In Russia, there was a legend that one day Winter-old woman with his companions cold and wind decided not to let the ground Spring. All the flowers were afraid of her threats, other than Snowdrop, who straightened their stalk and was able to get out from under the blankets of snow. Sun saw its petals and warm the earth's heat, opening the way to Spring ...
But unfortunately, today it was the victim of a snowdrop "of human love." These flowers are beautiful, but only in nature, as plucked flowers "live" for a few days. And the fault of the people who vandalized "collect" snowdrops, their on Earth every year is getting smaller and smaller. Not long ago, they have grown in many countries, but flowering plants were subjected to massive destruction in the bouquets as they ruthlessly dug bulbs. Therefore, at present most of the species of snowdrops included in the Red Book as endangered species, they can not collect. Environmentalists argue for tougher measures against the "collectors" snowdrops, urging all to see these colors carefully and cautiously, and even in spring holidays do not give them to the women.
But every year, with the onset of spring in the cities again traders appear snowdrops, and not just those that are grown in greenhouses. So, if you want to buy a bunch of beautiful flowers, remember that buying them, you push the poachers to even more massive collection in subsequent years. Give up this little pleasure, thus helping to preserve wildlife. And to our children had the opportunity to see this natural wonder into a living, not just learn about it from fairy tales and legends. That's what reminds today's holiday — the Day of snowdrop.