The State of Israel was proclaimed May 14, 1948 (5 Iyar 5708 in the Hebrew calendar). World War II ended, the world was celebrating the victory over Nazism. In this war, survived only a third of the nearly nine millionth of Jewish communities in Europe, but their trials are not over yet. After the war the British imposed even greater restrictions on Jewish immigration to Palestine.
The answer was to create a "Jewish Resistance Movement", aims to fight with the British authorities for free entry to the country. Despite the British established a naval blockade and border patrols, from 1944 to 1948 arcane and often dangerous ways to Palestine were ferried about 85,000 people.
The situation in the country was very unstable, almost a crisis, and the British government was forced to give solution to the Palestinian problem in the hands of the United Nations. November 29 in 1947, the General Assembly of the UN majority — 33 to 13 — adopted a resolution on the partition of Palestine into two states. Jews were jubilant Arabs protested and launched military action. So area identified by the United Nations for the establishment of a Jewish state had to defend with arms before the creation of the state as such.
May 14, 1948, the day the deadline for the British Mandate, David Ben-Gurion at a meeting in Tel Aviv Museum read the Declaration of Independence of the new State to which an official name — Medinat Yisrael (Israel).
A few hours after the Declaration of Independence armies of Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq invaded the new state, and the Jews had again up in arms to defend the independence, finally available in the land of their ancestors . In this war, which lasted fifteen months, killing more than 6,000 people. They gave their lives to the existence of the State of Israel became a reality. The following year, the Knesset, Israel's parliament, passed a law on the national holiday in the 5 th day of the month of Iyar, called Yom Ha'atzmaut — Independence Day.
In Israel, the holiday is celebrated with solemn receptions, sometimes military parades. Military bases are open for visits arranged air parades, shows the equipment of the Navy. Today, Israel can be proud of the technical equipment of the army. On the eve awarded the State Prize in literature, art and scientific research.
Religious Jews who recognize the state of Israel, read a special prayer and the obligatory prayer "a-Lel", symbolizing the national liberation of Israel. In big cities and small towns and villages in Israel are public celebrations, people take to the streets. Throughout the music on a makeshift stage by dance groups, choirs, music ensembles. Even the traditional end of the holiday was a colorful, celebratory fireworks.
Israel's Independence Day is celebrated on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar.