16 April in Bulgaria celebrate a lawyer and a celebration of the First Bulgarian Constitution (the Tarnovo Constitution, adopted by the First Great National Assembly of the country in 1879).
Turnovo Constitution was almost exactly copied from the Belgian Constitution — in its time the most progressive constitution — and assign Bulgaria polity constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary legislature.
In the future powers of the monarch steadily increased to the point that in 1934 the Turnovo Constitution was trampled and does Boris third set his personal power. Then all parties were banned, and the cabinet was appointed by the king in person. After September 9 1944 Turnovo Constitution was restored, but not for long — after a referendum in 1946, the monarchy was overthrown, and again was called the Grand National Assembly.
In years of socialism in Bulgaria acted consistently "Dimitrov" (from 1947) and "Zhivkovskaya" (since 1971) of the Constitution. The constitution now in force of the Republic of Bulgaria, adopted by the Seventh Grand National Assembly of the country 12 July in 1991. According to the Constitution of the Bulgaria — a parliamentary republic with a parliament composed of 240 deputies. Elections to the National Assembly are held every 4 years. Prime Minister and the Cabinet of Ministers nominated by the National Assembly.
The new Constitution enshrines the Statute of the head of state — the president, whose powers are limited. Election of the President shall be held every 5 years. In this Constitution abolished the item is assigned to a certain party leadership in the country (as was the case with the Bulgarian Communist Party to do so), and the location of the inviolability of private property.
The Constitution clearly delineated three types of power — legislative , executive and judicial. Declared freedom of religion, freedom of political parties and associations, freedom of expression, the press, and freedom of entrepreneurship. Higher education institutions have academic autonomy.
Recently, a relevant debate about changes in the Constitution. Most often mentioned the expansion of presidential powers, reducing the number of People's Deputies, the output of the Prosecutor's Office of the Judiciary and the possibility of providing for the purchase of land to foreign nationals.