12 April the whole world celebrates the Day of Aviation and Space (Space Probe Day). This is a very special day — the day of the triumph of science and all those who are working in the space industry.
April 12, 1961 a citizen of the Soviet Union Lt. on spaceship "Vostok» for the first time in the world to accomplish circled Earth orbit, opening the era of manned space flight.
flight, which lasted just 108 minutes and has become a powerful breakthrough in space exploration. The name of Yuri Gagarin became widely known in the world, and the first astronaut ahead was promoted to Major and the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
The first Soviet spaceship "Vostok" (Photo: Andrei Nekrassov, Shutterstock) Entering the 21st century, we see the amazing achievements of space technology — turning around the Earth tens of thousands of satellites, spacecraft landed on the moon, brought back samples of the soil. Later on Mars and Venus fell robotic probes, several spacecraft left the solar system and carry the message of an extraterrestrial civilization.
A 4 October in 1957 on the Earth orbit was launched the world's first artificial satellite Earth. In honor of this event is held annually World Space Week.
As you know, before you sat down in a spaceship people, were sent flying four-legged friends of man. In August 1960, the Soviet spacecraft "Vostok" with the dogs Belka and Strelka on board made a daily flight to return to Earth.
The first ever International Space flight took 15 July 1975 — pervoprohodchikami were Soviet "Soyuz-19" and the American ship "Apollo".