International Roma Day (International Roma (Gypsy) Day) was established at the First World Romani Congress, held in London April 8 in 1971 and brought together representatives from 30 countries. As a result, the adoption of national symbols: the flag and the anthem, which allowed Tsiganov world to recognize themselves as a free people.
It is believed that the first mention of the Roma is dated 1501 year, when the gypsy leader Vasil received a safe-conduct from the Lithuanian Grand Duke Alexander Kazimirovich.
Today, the number of the Roma population is approximately 10.8 million people. Roma settlement geography of the country includes both Northern and Southern Hemispheres: Albania, Romania, Moldova, Croatia, Argentina, Belarus, Canada, Brazil, Russia and other countries. According to estimates in 2002, in Russia, there are around 183,000 Roma.
Specialists represent the six main branches of Gypsies three western and three eastern. The Western include Roma (Gypsies self), Sinti and Roma Iberian, the eastern group includes Lullaby, Lom and Dom. In addition, there are small groups of Roma.
In Europe there are a number of ethnic groups that are similar in lifestyle of the Roma, however, a different origin — in particular, the Irish trevellers, Central European Jenisch. Local authorities tend to regard them as a kind of gypsy, and not as a separate ethnic groups.
On the week, including April 8, in many countries, International Romani festivals. They are organized photo exhibitions, film screenings, special classes are working on theater arts, singing and dancing, concerts.