affected by the same disease,
understand each other.
World Day of Awareness of autism (World Autism Awareness Day) is set by resolution of the General Assembly of the United Nations from 21 January in 2008. The purpose of this date — to emphasize the need to help people suffering from an incurable disease, and improve their quality of life.
The number of children with autism is high in all regions of the world and has a huge impact on children, their families, communities and societies. It is assumed that the day April 2 specialized governmental and civil society organizations must devote to spread information about the disease — for example, to hold lectures or produce booklets.
Autism — a violation development of the nervous system that manifests itself during the first three years of life. This disease is diagnosed by the presence of three symptoms: lack of social interaction, impaired reciprocal communication, restricted interests and repetitive behavior repertoire.
Examples of description of these features can be found in historical sources that appeared long before the introduction of the term "autism" . For example, in the records of after-dinner conversations contains a reference to a boy of twelve, perhaps the patient from severe autism. Traced the symptoms of the disease and in the descriptions of the "wild boy of Aveyron" — Mowgli XVIII century, who lived in the French woods and got to the people at the age of 12 years.
The term «autismus» was coined by the Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler in 1910 to describe the symptoms of schizophrenia. The basis of this neolatinizma meaning "abnormal narcissism," he put the Greek word "autos" ("self"), intending to emphasize the "patient care in a fantasy world of their own, any external influence on who is perceived as intolerable molestation».
The UN resolution emphasized that throughout its history, the organization is focusing on improving well-being of persons with disabilities, including children with difficulties in development. So, in 2008, entered into force, the Convention on the Rights of Disabled Persons, the fundamental principles of universal human rights for all.