Passover

Passover or Easter — the most ancient of Jewish holidays He is associated with one of the most important events in Jewish history — with the Exodus from slavery in Egypt about 3,300 years ago, in 2448 on the Jewish calendar.

Pesach celebrates the chain of events that result in the Jews became a nation. Israel came to Egypt as a family — a sort of James, which consisted of seventy persons, and came as a people, numbering hundreds of thousands. At first race of Jacob was made to feel welcome in the land of Goshen (a province of Egypt), but when the Jews became "too much", they provided special. All the inhabitants of the country was given the labor service, the Jews — particularly heavy. Houses of the Jews were tapped and search, wives separated from husbands, male babies were killed.

Moshe (Moses) and was thus a boy who was destined to survive and save his people. This is the story everyone knows. Amazing coincidence saved him from certain death at the hands of the Egyptians and led to the fact that Moses was brought up in Pharaoh's palace, but always feel a part of the people. For the killing of the Egyptian, who kills a Jew, he was sentenced to death, fled, lived for many years in Africa and the Middle East. One day, driving a flock of sheep across the Sinai Peninsula, and saw the burning, but the bush was not consumed ("burning bush"). From the fire came the voice of God, commanding Moses to go to Egypt and lead the Jews out of slavery.

Matza and wine — the main attributes of the Seder (Photo: pavelr, Shutterstock) The name "Passover" some researchers interpret as a "transition", the outcome of the land of Egypt, the other associated with the history of the holiday. Pharaoh would not let the Jews and God brought upon Egypt ten "executions": the transformation of the Nile water into blood, the appearance of myriads of frogs, lice irresistible hordes, wild animals, livestock deaths, plagues, crop damage from hail, locusts, darkness and the three-day continuous Finally, the death of the firstborn. God killed the firstborn of the Egyptians, but missed ("Pesach" in Hebrew), home of the Jews. More "Pe-sah" is interpreted as "a mouth speaking" and it certainly lives up to the fact that the main precept of the Feast of Passover — to speak, to tell about the history of the Exodus.

Passover — the holiday of spring — symbolizing the awakening of nature , renewal of the world and human emancipation. It is a celebration of gaining freedom and dignity. Jews had to choose from cattle to which they had the charge as shepherds (and who did not die as cattle Egyptians), young lambs to slaughter them, fry and eat "with bitter herbs and unleavened bread." Sheep, which the Egyptians were sacred animals, required not just to eat, but do it openly, in front of the Egyptians, and a few days before that it was necessary in the light of the day mark the doorposts of their houses with blood of sheep. And at night, when every family firstborn of the Egyptians died, death spared all the Jewish homes that are marked in this way.

Legend has it that before the end result did not have time to leaven the dough, so the baked unleavened bread. However, there is evidence that the pastoral feast of unleavened bread celebrated before Moses. But until now, matzah — unleavened bread, which is supposed to Pesach — a reminder of the bread that Jews eat, hastily left Egypt. The rush was not in vain — Egyptian army led by Pharaoh chased at their heels. But on the seventh day of the Exodus Red Sea parted to the Jews, and then batted in the waters over the head of the Egyptians.

During the Seder table to be certain foods (Photo: diligent, Shutterstock) The holiday lasts seven days from the 15 th to the 21 th of the spring month of Nisan in the Hebrew calendar. Passover, as well as the Sukkot and Shavuot, — a celebration of the pilgrimage to Jerusalem for sacrifice. The celebration begins on the evening of Nisan 14, when the whole family and guests who came to the house, going to the banquet table and read the Passover Haggadah — the story of the Exodus of the Jews from Egypt. This meal is called the "Seder" ("order" in Hebrew) is the most important part of the holiday. Seder is held in a certain, strictly prescribed manner, where every action has its place and its time. "In every generation, a Jew should look at himself as if he personally came out of Egypt." Feast in millions of Jewish families around the world for centuries, subject to the same customs — this is amazing as it helps to understand how the Jews managed to remain one nation under centuries of dispersion.

The day following Passover Seder — is the first day of the holiday. For religious people — a day of prayer and rest when all work is forbidden. For the secular part of the population of Israel is a day off, which is usually to spend with family, friends and loved ones. This is followed by five days, so-called poluprazdnikov when some institutions work half a day, and some — does not work at all. And completing the Easter week another holiday. Israelis love to relax and often use Easter week to travel abroad as a family or to travel around the country, picnics in the many picturesque corners of her.