World TB Day (World Tuberculosis Day) is celebrated by the decision of the World Health Organization (WHO), the day in 1882 when the German microbiologist (Robert Koch) announced his discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In 1905, R. Koch received the Nobel Prize in medicine.
In 1993, the World Health Organization Tuberculosis was declared a national disaster, and the day 24 March — World TB Day.
Currently tuberculosis annually takes the lives of 1.6 million people — most of them live in developing countries.
In 1993, the WHO formally recommended DOTS strategy (Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course) — directly controlled (observed) treatment short course chemotherapy — a new strategy for TB control. The basic principles of DOTS are:
— political support;
— diagnosis through microscopy;
— reliable supply of medicines;
— monitoring of treatment;
— regular assessment of the results.
DOTS — a strategy against the epidemic of tuberculosis, as it allows you to detect and cure the sick, the most dangerous for the environment. Can be cured 92-95% of TB cases.
The introduction of DOTS — is the salvation of many people from death, disease and suffering caused by tuberculosis. The principles of the DOTS strategy are universal for any country. Currently, this strategy is successfully implemented in more than 180 countries worldwide.