International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination) held by decision XXI session of the UN General Assembly on October 26 in 1966 and is celebrated annually March 21.
On this day in 1960, police opened fire and killed 69 people at in Sharpeville (South Africa), a peaceful protest against the laws of the apartheid certification of Africans in South Africa.
Proclaiming the Day in 1966, the UN General Assembly called on the international community to redouble its efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination. Thereby confirming that racial discrimination can be considered a denial of human rights, fundamental freedoms and justice, and it is an offense against human dignity. Also, the UN recognizes that discrimination — a serious obstacle to economic and social development, as well as to international cooperation and peace.
United Nations strongly condemned racial discrimination and any policies that are associated with it, is not only unacceptable but also incompatible with the obligations undertaken by the member states under the UN Charter.
UN again and again calls on all States to abide by the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and to take the necessary measures, including legislation, to combat this crime against humanity.
Among the programs that could help in the fight against racial discrimination, the UN is considering, in particular, assist in providing equal opportunity education and vocational training, as well as guarantees concerning the use of (non-discrimination on grounds of race, color or ethnic origin) basic human rights such as the right to vote, the right to equal access to the use of social services.