10 January in 1946 in London, began the first session of the UN General Assembly. It is noteworthy that this date coincides with the date of the 26th anniversary of formation of the League of Nations (League of Nations) — a global movement for peace and cooperation between nations — which was founded January 10, 1920 and disbanded on April 18 in 1946. Its assets and liabilities were transferred to the United Nations.
The UN General Assembly was established in 1945 in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations. From the outset, it is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations. The Assembly provides a forum for multilateral discussion of the full spectrum of international issues covered by the Charter. One of the main roles assigned by the General Assembly in the process of setting and the codification of international law.
At the first session of the General Assembly was attended by representatives of 51 countries. At present, the General Assembly shall consist of 193 States that are members of the United Nations. The most intense regular session of the General Assembly's work each year from September to December. On matters requiring urgent solutions (fight against terrorism, to maintain or restore international peace and security) may convene special sessions and emergency special sessions.
In the last few sessions, the General Assembly has consistently discusses issues related to the settlement of global problems. According to the general opinion of all the members of the General Assembly, two of the most pressing problems: climate change Earth and the global financial and economic crisis, the negative consequences of which threaten the whole of humanity, must be resolved in the most shortest time.
October 13 in 2006 as the new Secretary General of the UN was approved by Ban Ki-moon.
UN General Assembly, who initiated a number of international festivals . One of them — Day of the United Nations, which is celebrated annually October 24.