19 March in Russia marks Day of Submariner. In 1906, by order of in the classification of ships of the navy, of a new category of ships — submarines. The same decree to the Russian fleet included 10 submarines. The first of them — "Dolphin" — was built at the Baltic Shipyard in 1904.
Russian-Japanese war was the first in the history of the world war, which was attended not officially recognized, but make the target flinch, the new class of warships — Submarines .
The first joint Russian — brigade of submarines — was formed in 1911 as part of the Baltic Fleet and based in Libau. The brigade consisted of 11 submarines, mother of "Europe" and "Khabarovsk».
In the First World War of 1914-1918, the submarines were widely used to control the sea lanes. And by the end of the war submarine finally formed into an independent branch of the Navy, able to solve both tactical and some operational tasks.
During the period from 1930 to 1939 for the Soviet Navy was built more than 20 large, 80 medium, 60 small submarines and 20 underwater mine-layers. By the beginning of WWII of four fleets had 212 submarines.
Organizational they were reduced to brigades and divisions of the group. They ran the fleet commander, combat and daily operations of the department led the submarine fleet. Tasks submarines and their combat areas defined military council fleet.
The turning point in the history of the Soviet merchant marine was the introduction of submarines in 50 years of nuclear power plants. Because of this they have virtually unlimited endurance.
Already by 1961, the Russian Navy nuclear submarines had a 9 — 4 and 5 rocket torpedo. In all, the Soviet Union built 243 nuclear submarines of different classes and, in view of Tsarist Russia, more than 1,000 diesel-powered submarines. By the way, the world's first nuclear-powered submarine gone Shipyard Groton (Connecticut) on January 21 in 1954.
Now for the Russian Navy nuclear submarine grouping created with cruise missiles. In its structure — Project 949A submarines armed with 24 missiles of the "Granite". This group is able to meet the challenges of high performance surface target lesion groups, including the aircraft carrier connections.