Today marks professional holiday of workers of the penal system of the Ministry of Justice the Russian Federation.
12 March 1879 Russian Emperor has issued a decree on the establishment of the prison department, which initiated the organization of a unified state system performance punishment in Russia.
But in reality, the start imposing penalties in the Russian state for theft, murder, theft, robbery, false accusation is attributed to 10-15 centuries. Particularly severe measures were applied to the thieves — everyone can kill the thief, catching him in the act.
«of Law" in 1497 and 1550's were one of the first acts in the implementation of penal policy of the Russian centralized state. The documents show that punishment became more and more violent and frightening nature of the population, the system of penalties has been replaced by the death penalty.
For years, the correctional system was located in the department of the Ministry of the Interior, but in connection with the reform of the state system and the transition to, and democratic forms of government, a number of documents was scheduled shift the penitentiary system to the Ministry of Justice.
October 8 1997 the President of Russia Yeltsin issued a decree "On the reform of the prison system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. " A year later, October 30 in 1998, the Russian Government adopted Decree number 1254 "Issues of the penal system of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation", which was the final stage in the process of moving the penal system of Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs in the Ministry of Justice of Russia.
Emblem FSINFederalnym authority of the correctional system is the Federal Penitentiary Service (FSIN), subordinated to the Ministry of Justice of Russia and created for the execution of sentences and detention of suspects, accused and convicted. Territorial authorities of the correctional system are the constituent territories of the Russian Federation.
The number of employees of the correctional system in Russia is more than 300 thousand people. The tasks of the experts is to protect the law-abiding majority from various criminal offenses and bring back those who have stumbled in conflict with the law of fellow citizens, in full, healthy society.
Workers holiday penal system of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation, is celebrated across the country. In this day for officers undergo various celebrations and holiday concerts. Reward the best employees of state and departmental awards and congratulate the veterans service and remember all those employees who died in the line of duty. It is no secret that their work is dangerous and is associated with the risk of his life.
By the way, the order of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia number 855 November 10 in 2005 was established departmental medal of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia — the medal "Veteran of the penal system in Russia" .