Canberra Day (Canberra Day) — a public holiday, which since 2007, is held annually on the second Monday in March (up to 2007 held the third Monday in March), and is accompanied by a cultural festival. Thus the Australians celebrate the day when the capital of the country got its name.
For years, the territory of the modern city was inhabited by aboriginal tribes. Archaeological excavations indicate that Canberra was inhabited 21,000 years ago. It is believed that the name "Canberra" is derived from the language of one of the local tribes — ngabri — as a variation of the word "Camber" or "Kamberi" ("meeting place»).
Europeans began to settle in the city in 20 years of the 19th century. The official start of the mass settlement can be considered in 1826. It was then employed by Joshua John Moore bought land here and named the property of Canberra.
The population of Canberra — about 325 thousand people. It is the largest city in the country, which has no outlet to the sea. The capital of Canberra selected in 1908 — as a compromise in the dispute between Sydney and Melbourne.
Canberra — very unusual, geometrically aligned and carefully thought-out city, as it is built specifically to carry out the functions of the capital. At one time even announced an international competition — the best project of the city. The winner was the architect of Chicago, Walter Burley Griffin. Construction of a modern city began in 1913. In the same year, On March 12,, wife of the Governor-General Lord Denman country (Governor-General Lord Denman), Lady Denman (Lady Denman), the city was the official name — Canberra.
Canberra is built in the style of the garden city — with vast tracts of natural, undisturbed vegetation, which ultimately led to the humorous nickname bush capital (capital-bush).
Canberra — government territory. Here is the Parliament, the High Court of Australia and the National Library of Australia, Australian War Memorial, the National Gallery of Australia, an infinite number of government departments and agencies in the city that attracts many domestic and foreign tourists.