Restoration of Independence

16 February in 1918 signed the Declaration of Independence of Lithuania, which expressed the desire of the Lithuanian nation to establish a democratic state. This Day in Lithuania is the main state holiday — Happy restoration of statehood.

In June 1940, the Soviet Union occupied and annexed Lithuania in accordance with Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, {day-signed 8-August 23} 23 {/ day} 1939 year. A year later, Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union, resulting in Lithuania departed Germany.

In a bloody period Holocaust Nazis and their Lithuanian accomplices destroyed nearly 190,000 Lithuanian Jews that was 91% of the number of pre-war Jewish community. In 1944, after the expulsion of the German occupiers Soviet Union Lithuania regained the status of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic.

However, from 1944 to 1952 approximately 100,000 Lithuanian partisans entered the race with the Soviets. Found that 30,000 Lithuanian partisans and their assistants have been killed, many more people have been arrested and deported to the Siberian Gulag camps. The loss of population in Lithuania during World War II were 780,000 people.

March 11 1990, the Supreme Council of Lithuania decided to restore the independence of the Republic of Lithuania. Thus, Lithuania became the first Soviet republic to declare its independence.

Before the global crisis of 2008-2009, Lithuania's economy developed rapidly, the Republic of recorded economic growth on a par with some Western countries. In 2009, Vilnius was named the European Capital of Culture and Lithuania noted millennium of its name.