Every second Sunday of March, surveyors and cartographers Russia celebrate their professional holiday — Day of Geodesy and Cartography. The holiday was established by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation ? 1867 "On the Day of workers of Surveying and Mapping" from the November 11 in 2000.
In Russian art of making geographical drawings was known in pre-Petrine era. For example, the first printed version of the map of Russia — Map of Moscow land dates back to on January 26 in 1525. In 1667 by order of the governor of PI Godunov made a map of Siberia, a copy of which is preserved in the State Archives of Stockholm. The very same profession cartographer came later — in March 1720 in the Russian Order of Peter started the first cartographic survey.
Every second Sunday of March, surveyors and cartographers Russia celebrate their professional prazdnikPri , after the founding of the Pulkovo Observatory, surveying and mapping in Russia have made significant progress. At this time held such important works as the measurement of the meridian arc from Lapland to the mouth of the Danube and drawing trehverstnoy topographic map of the western provinces since 1846.
sheets of the map were to be marketed at . When it was published as a 10-versts map of European Russia, as well as a series of maps on the Asian Russia (Caucasus, Central Asia). This period is the emergence of private mapping activities.
A unified geodetic survey of the RSFSR was established in 1919. Since 1992, she was named "the Federal Service of Geodesy and Cartography of Russia."