4 March — a memorable date in the history of the Belarusian police. On this day, the personnel of the Ministry of Internal Affairs celebrates its professional holiday.
The origins of this festival — in 1917, when the office of the commandant of the city of Minsk civil order was issued, according to which the Bolshevik Mikhail Mikhailov was appointed interim police chief of the All-Russian Zemstvo Union for the Protection of the order in the city. In accordance with the order of the city police officials had to issue a Mikhailov available to them under the inventory of weapons.
When Mikhailov joined the committee of the Western Front All-known revolutionary Land Union .
In the night of 4 March 5 in 1917 led them to groups fighting squads working together with parts of the Minsk garrison soldiers disarmed the police of the city, captured the city police department, as well as archival and detective offices, and secured the most important state institutions. And in the afternoon on March 5 in Minsk on Education reported to the police Nevel, March 7 Velizh county, Ezerishche 9 th, 10 th — Surazh county. A little later, like a telegram came from Dvinsk, Vitebsk, Lepel ... So in Belarus was established police and the provincial capital, Minsk, in fact, became its center.
For the first time formed part of the workers 'and peasants' militia participated in the protection of public order, in defeating the gangs. But in the 1930s, did not escape repression and police officers. According to statistics, during the years of repression in the Soviet Union suffered more than 100,000 employees of internal affairs, and more than 20 thousand of them were shot ...
emblem of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic BelarusV during World War II were the first in the battle against the fascist units entered and the NKVD. The clearest example of the manifestation of courage and heroism, written in the history of war feat Brest police. On that fateful day for the Soviet people June 22 enemy attack took along with the garrison Brest Fortress and employees of the railway police the border town, which tied a fierce battle with the Nazis on the outskirts of the Brest station. Some days the police held the line against vastly superior to their number in the fascist parts. The Germans had flooded basements station, where hid his defenders to finally break their resistance.
In the postwar years, experiencing fully the difficulties of this period, the police continued to do their duty — to protect civilians from attacks criminal environment. Sensing the acute shortage of clothes, shoes, food, vehicles, police fought with speculators, thieves, murderers, guarding food warehouses, banks, were protecting the rule of law in the country.
As the years passed, the country's life alternated different periods. But no matter how dramatic and epoch-making nor were they in the fate of a large country at the forefront of the fight against criminals were men in police uniform, and that took the brunt of the criminal environment.
Forever in memory of the Belarusian people were the names of the police officers, servicemen of the Interior Troops of the Republic of Belarus, who died in the line of duty.