Today the world celebrates the International Day of the forest or the World Day protection of forests, which was founded in 1971. The initiator of this item were made by the European Confederation of Agriculture in the 23rd General Assembly in 1971, and this idea was supported by the World Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Since then, every year on the initiative of the United Nations 20 or 21 March, as an occasion to inform the public about the importance of conservation, the International Day of the forest (International Day of Forests). Moreover, it was decided to celebrate this day is the day of the autumnal equinox in the Southern Hemisphere and the vernal equinox in the Northern Hemisphere (the latter, according to tradition, is the first day of spring and is a symbol of new life and new beginnings).
The problem of preserving the forest and its resources is today among the most important environmental problems of all countries of the world. In recent years, trends in deforestation of Earth, alarming not only environmentalists, but also for the entire international community.
At present, the total forest area in the world is about 38 million square meters. kilometers (about one-third of the land area), of which 13% belong to the protected areas. Forest — the lungs of our planet, they are invaluable ecological, social and economic importance — are involved in the formation of the planet's climate, provide oxygen, process emissions, preserve water resources, are the habitat of many plants and animals that provide food and a healthy environment for people, help maintain soil fertility and landscapes ...
However, every day the world's forest area has been steadily declining, every second of the Earth loses more than 1.5 hectares of virgin forest. This is primarily due to population growth and the conversion of forest land to other human needs. According to some experts, over the past 10,000 years, man has destroyed 26 million square meters. kilometers of forests. In addition, forests are dying from fires, illegal logging, natural disasters, the impact of pests, diseases and other causes. But the reduction of forest cover leads to irreversible negative processes of global significance for the whole of nature and the life of all mankind.
In this context, the main objective of the International Day of the forest is to draw attention to the problem of people in the world of conservation, awareness of the importance of forest ecosystems, their original condition, basic measures for their protection and restoration.
Forests — Russia's national wealth (Photo : Dudarev Mikhail, Shutterstock) Since the processes of forest loss and degradation have become international issues that require joint decision by all countries, the UN called on all UN member states to support the holding of the special events of the day. On this day, throughout most of the world held a variety of events and activities aimed at the protection of forests and green spaces — this information events and various competitions and exhibitions, and a campaign to plant trees, and various flash mobs.
Many of these activities of public and environmental organizations are supported by the representatives of the authorities. In particular, the UN member states have reached relevant agreements, and is now implementing a number of measures in the framework of a deliberate policy of reforestation and afforestation.
It should also be said that the International Day of the forest is actively celebrated in our country. After the forest — Russia's national wealth, which accounts for almost a fifth of the world's forest area and about the same proportion of the world's timber. What determines the global importance of forests for the country not only as a source of valuable raw materials, but also as an important component of the biosphere, largely determines the conditions of life on Earth. Interestingly, in some countries, together with the International Day of the forest is marked as Day of the tree.