Mary, mother of Jesus Christ in the Christian tradition — the Mother of God (Mother of God), and the greatest of all Christian saints. Offers a different etymology of the name "Maria" (Hebrew Miriam), "beautiful", "bitter", "lady" and "beloved by God." Scientists prefer the latter value, which dates back to the ancient Egyptian language, and can be explained by four centuries Jews stay in Egypt.
In the Catholic tradition of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary of the most (her parents) is regarded as a natural condition, to prepare her for the role of the mother of the Savior. Its freedom from sin was a special grace, an exception to the rights, privileges, which, according to Catholic theology (as opposed to Protestant) was not awarded any other created being.
virginal purity of the Virgin Mary and the strangeness of carnal lust joined in it with her not susceptible to any personal sin. Her sanctity indicates the definition of "grace," which it is given in the Gospels, as a moral defect is incompatible with the fullness of divine grace. Augustine believed that the concept of personal sin is not applicable to the Blessed Virgin for the simple reason that it has honored God.
On the role of Mary as the Mother of the Savior and carries her role mediator between Christ and the human race. In the theological doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church recognized that, as the Virgin Mary gave birth to the Saviour, who is the source of all grace, it is reported that the grace of humanity.
In 1950, Pope Pius XII declared that "the Immaculate Virgin, protection from all stain of original sin, completing the path of earthly life, was taken body and soul into heavenly glory ...". The Catholic doctrine of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary is based on a dual tradition of old beliefs to establish themselves and that the Catholic bishops with complete unanimity accepted the dogmatic truth as part of the doctrine.