International Mother Language Day (International Mother Language Day), proclaimed by the General Conference of UNESCO November 17 in 1999, is celebrated every year since February 2000 to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.
In turn, the United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution declared 2008 the International Year of Languages ??(International Year of Languages). 2010 as the International Year of Rapprochement of Cultures in the name of (International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures).
Languages ??are the most powerful tool for preserving and developing our tangible and intangible heritage. UNESCO estimates that half of the approximately 6,000 languages ??in the world may soon lose the last speakers.
All moves to promote the dissemination of mother tongues will serve not only to encourage linguistic diversity and multilingual education but also to develop fuller awareness of linguistic and cultural traditions throughout the world and to inspire solidarity based on understanding, tolerance and dialogue.
February 21 in 2003 on the occasion of International Mother Language Day General UNESCO Director Koichiro Matsuura said: "Why so much attention is paid to the mother tongue? Because languages ??are a unique expression of human creativity in all its diversity. As a tool of communication, perception and thinking, language, and describes how we see the world and reflects the connection between the past, present and future. Languages ??are traces of random encounters, a variety of sources from which they are filled, each according to its own individual history.
Native languages ??are unique in that, what mark they impose on each person from the moment of birth, giving it particular vision of things that never really disappear, despite the fact that later man masters of many languages. Learning a foreign language — it is a way to get acquainted with another vision of the world, with other approaches. "