birth of Jesus Christ is one of the major Christian holidays. At the heart of the holiday — the biblical story of the birth in Bethlehem, the Savior Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary.
The holiday is celebrated and Catholics, Orthodox and Protestants. Differ only dates (December 25, on January 6 or January 7) and calendar styles ( The Julian and Gregorian). In Europe and some other countries as a point of chronology adopted is the date of the Birth of Christ (AD or Annus Domine), calculated in the Middle Ages, as it turned out, with an error of 3-4 years.
Each country and each denomination has its own characteristics of celebrating Christmas. In Lutheranism to the number of Christmas traditions are, above all, the following:
candles. Burning candles — a symbol of light, a symbol of the stars in the sky siyavshih per hour Birth of Christ. Candles can be of different shapes.
Christmas wreath. Christmas wreath is woven, as a rule, from the branches of pine, spruce and fir. The methods of weaving can be different. The wreath is decorated with candles, ribbons, wooden figurines. It is hung over the door, on the wall or put on the Christmas table. Often, the Christmas wreath is inserted four candles — the number of weeks Advent (Advent) immediately preceding Christmas. Every Sunday worship lit one of these candles.
Christmas tree. The tradition of Christmas tree put on associated with Lutheranism and the German-speaking countries. It first appeared there. Just under Peter I, it migrated to Russia and Soviet-era Christmas tree has been replaced with a Christmas fir-tree.
Christmas star. Reminiscent of the Bethlehem star and is usually hung on the Christmas tree.
Manger or the so-called "den". The word "den" was not originally such a negative sense, as it is now, and meant a manger in which Christ was born. As well as Catholics, Lutherans for Christmas crib set and act out the scene Birth of the Savior. It is believed that by doing Bethlehem as it enters the home and the church, is getting closer and clearer.
At the source of this tradition is a "living picture" of Christmas, arranged by St. Francis of Assisi and his brothers in the Order in the woods near Grech . To celebrate Christmas, they have established nurseries, brought hay, brought these bull and a donkey. For example, St. Francis of Assisi once again opened their eyes to the Christians that Jesus was a man who lived not in the palace, but born in a manger, lived among the poor and the stranger, who did not have a roof over your head, that is, was closer than it had seemed normal medieval man.