Arabic Language Day is celebrated since 2010. Then, on the eve of International Mother Language Day, the UN Department of Public Affairs suggested that a proper holiday for each of the six official languages ??of the organization. It is assumed that this initiative will strengthen intercultural dialogue and the development of multilingual world.
For the Day of the Arabic language in the international calendar was chosen date December 18. On this day in 1973, the UN General Assembly has included Arabic among the official and working languages ??of the United Nations.
The number of people who speak Arabic, and its variants, is about 300 million people. For more than 240 million of them are native Arabic, about 50 million people use it as a second language. In religious purposes Classical Arabic — the language of the Koran — the Muslim faith is used around the world (the number of Muslims more than 1.5 million people).
For centuries, the Arabic language is constantly changing — mostly concerned the pronunciation of vowel sounds. However, in a letter to these changes almost not reflected because short vowels are usually not written in the text (except in the Koran).
Currently, classic, or as it is commonly called, can not be called high Arabic language of communication — in speaking it is not used. But used in writing — with the publication of books and newspapers, even today. In the scientific and technical literature, with a lack of terms used French (Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria) or English (in other Arab countries). It is known that in Turkey the first printed book with Arabic script was published in 1729.
Arabic language is one of the official working languages ??of the General Assembly and other UN bodies . Is the official language of all Arab countries, as well as one of the official languages ??in Israel, Eritrea, Chad, Somalia and Djibouti.
On December 18, the UN Secretariat with various activities that allow everyone to get acquainted with the Arabic language and Arabic culture.