In the Buddhist tradition of celebrating the New Year has in the years between the end of January and mid-March, the first spring new moon of the lunar calendar.
The date of the New Year according to the lunar calendar year is calculated under the astrological tables. Because of the differences of astrological calculations in different countries, these dates may be different.
Traditionally, New Year's Eve the most respected and revered lamas make astrological predictions for the inhabitants of the country for the next year.
The date of the New Year according to the lunar calendar year is calculated under the astrological tablitsamZa three days before the festival takes place in the temples of special prayer dedicated dharmapala — ten deities Defenders of Teaching. The greatest veneration of them pays the goddess Sri Devi (Tibetan Baldan Lhamo), which is considered the patroness of Tibet's capital Lhasa. In her honor by individual prayer (Baldan Lhamo) on the day immediately preceding the New Year.
To get the blessings of the goddess is recommended not to sleep through the night until 6 am — or attend church services in the church, or at home reading mantras and do the practice. For those who do not sleep and turns to her for help, the goddess will his protection and help in dealing with complex issues.
In the temple throughout the day and night the solemn service — khurals. Prayer service ends at 6:00 am. The abbot wishes you a happy new year.
House served banquet table, which must be present white foods (milk, sour cream, cottage cheese, butter).
On the first day of the year you can not go to visit, it should be held it is in your family. Going to the guests, visiting relatives starts from the second day and may continue until the end of the month. The whole month is considered to be festive. White month — the most favorable time for cleansing rituals.
Before the New Year in all the houses held a special rite of purification — Gutor, during which the house and of every human life "thrown" all the failures and all bad, accumulated over the previous year. It makes a guest in the house Lama with the participation of all family members. After the end of a festive meal leftovers together with coins, cloth, candle and Hadak (special scarf, which is awarded to the guests during the salute as a mark of respect) is folded into a large bowl, which is also placed humanoid figure, sculpted from dough and colored red (tormas ).
All in all it is a "buy-out", which is to make mischief and failure to leave the house. In the evening, by the light of a lantern people carry these items to the vacant lot beside the road and throw away, turning to evil, saying, "Get out of here!". After that, they quickly come back, do not look back (according to legend, if a person turns around, the evil can get back together with him).
In the days of the New Year rite is performed run "wind horses good luck." Wind horse of luck — it is a symbol showing the state of well-being. Image of 'horse winds of fortune ", consecrated in the temple, tied to a tree or placed on the roof of the house in such a way that it necessarily fluttered in the wind. It is believed that the "wind horse of Fortune" is a powerful protection against misfortune and illness, attracting and encouraging the assistance of deities. His image also symbolizes the wish health, happiness and prosperity in the new year to all living beings.